Peace negotiations began in April 1782 in Paris and continued until the summer. The United States represented Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Henry Laurens and John Adams. David Hartley and Richard Oswald represented Great Britain. The contract was signed on November 30, 1782 by Adams, Franklin, Jay and Hartley at the Hotel d`York (now 56 Jacob Street) in Paris.  The United States Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris on January 14, 1784, in Annapolis, Maryland, in the former Chamber of the Maryland State House, making Annapolis the first peace capital of the new United States. The copies were sent back to Europe for ratification by the other parties concerned, the first having reached France in March 1784. British ratification took place on 9 April 1784 and the ratified versions were exchanged in Paris on 12 May 1784.  The victory of the United States in the Battle of Yorktown in 1781 made peace talks in which British negotiators were prepared to consider U.S. independence as possible. British governments in the 18th century tended to be unstable and depended on both a majority in the House of Commons and the king`s favour. When the Yorktown news reached London, the parliamentary opposition succeeded in overthrowing Frederick North`s disputed government, Lord North. The Treaty of Paris ended the war of independence between Britain and the United States, recognized American independence and set limits on the new nation.
After the British defeat at Yorktown, peace talks began in Paris in April 1782 between Richard Oswarld as representatives of Great Britain and the American peace commissioners Benjamin Franklin, John Jay and John Adams. American negotiators joined Henry Laurens two days before the signing of the provisional articles of peace on November 30, 1782. The Treaty of Paris, which formally ended the war, was not signed until September 3, 1783. The Continental Congress, which was temporarily located in Annapolis, Maryland, ratified the Treaty of Paris on January 14, 1784. During the talks, Franklin called for Britain to hand Canada over to the United States. That did not happen, but America got enough new territory south of the Canadian border to double its size. The United States has also successfully negotiated important fishing rights in Canadian waters and has agreed, among other things, not to prevent U.K. creditors from recovering debt debts. Two months later, the most important details had been drawn up, and on 30 Nov. 1782 the United States and Great Britain signed the draft articles of the treaty.
France signed its own interim peace agreement with Great Britain on 20 January 1783 and in September of that year the final treaty was signed by the three nations and Spain. The Treaty of Paris was ratified by the Continental Congress on January 14, 1784. On 17 Oct. 1781, General Lord Charles Cornwallis handed over 7,000 British soldiers to the Continental Army after a crushing defeat in the Battle of Yorktown.